Google scholar profile


Watson, J. E., Venegas‐Li, R., ... Sonter, L. J., ... & Ward, M. (2023). Priorities for protected area expansion so nations can meet their Kunming‐Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework commitments. Integrative Conservation

Werner, T. T., Toumbourou, T., Maus, V., Lukas, M. C., Sonter, L. J., ... & Bebbington, A. (2023). Patterns of infringement, risk, and impact driven by coal mining permits in Indonesia. Ambio, 1-15.

Lloyd, T. J., Oliveira, U., Soares‐Filho, B. S., Fuller, R. A., Butt, N., Ascher, J. S., ... & Sonter, L. J. (2023). Multiple facets of biodiversity are threatened by mining‐induced land‐use change in the Brazilian Amazon. Diversity and Distributions

Sonter, LJ., Maron, M., Bull, J. W., Giljum, S., Luckeneder, S., Maus, V., ... & Watson, J. E. (2023). How to fuel an energy transition with ecologically responsible mining. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Boldy, R., Annandale, M., Erskine, P. D., & Sonter, LJ. (2023). Assessing impacts of mining on provisioning ecosystem services in a culturally diverse landscape of Western Cape York, Australia. Landscape Ecology

Zu Ermgassen, S. O., Devenish, K., Simmons, ... Sonter LJ, and Bull, J. W. (2023). Evaluating the impact of biodiversity offsetting on native vegetation. Global Change Biology

Narain, Sonter LJ, Lechner, Watson, Simmonds, and Maron. (2023). Global assessment of the biodiversity safeguards of development banks that finance infrastructure. Conservation Biology

Simmonds, Suarez‐Castro, Reside, Watson, .... Sonter LJ, and Maron. (2023). Retaining natural vegetation to safeguard biodiversity and humanity. Conservation Biology, 37(3).

Villarreal‐Rosas, Rhodes, Sonter LJ, Possingham, and Vogl. (2023). Optimal allocation of nature‐based solutions to achieve climate mitigation and adaptation goals. People and Nature


Bull, Sonter, Gordon,Maron, Narain, Reside, Sánchez, Shumway, von Hase, and Quétier. (2022). Quantifying the “avoided” biodiversity impacts associated with economic development. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 20(6), 370-378.

Giljum, Maus, Kuschnig, Luckeneder, Tost, Sonter, and Bebbington. (2022). A pantropical assessment of deforestation caused by industrial mining. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 119(38),

Siqueira-Gay, Metzger, Sánchez, and Sonter. (2022). Strategic planning to mitigate mining impacts on protected areas in the Brazilian Amazon. Nature Sustainability, 5(10), 853-860.

Sonter, Lloyd, Kearney, Di Marco, O'Bryan, Valenta, and Watson. (2022). Conservation implications and opportunities of mining activities for terrestrial mammal habitat. Conservation Science and Practice, 4(12), e12806.

Kunz, Sonter, and Moran, (2022). Overlapping and interacting water and land risks in mining regions. In Routledge Handbook of the Extractive Industries and Sustainable Development (pp. 349-366). Routledge.

Simmonds, von Hase, Quétier, Brownlie,Maron, M., Possingham, ... and Sonter. (2022). Aligning ecological compensation policies with the Post‐2020 Global Biodiversity Framework to achieve real net gain in biodiversity. Conservation Science and Practice4(3), p.e12634.

Villarreal-Rosas, Wells, Sonter, Possingham, and Rhodes. (2022). The impacts of land use change on flood protection services among multiple beneficiaries. Science of The Total Environment806, p.150577.


Villarreal-Rosas, Vogl, Sonter, Possingham, and Rhodes. (2021). Trade-offs between efficiency, equality and equity in restoration for flood protection. Environmental Research Letters17(1), p.014001.

Boldy, Santini, Annandale, Erskine, Sonter. (2021) Understanding the impacts of mining on ecosystem services through a systematic review The Extractive Industries and Society, 8(1), 457-466

Mandle, Shields-Estrada, Chaplin-Kramer, Mitchell, .... Sonter,  ... and Rickets. (2021). Increasing decision relevance of ecosystem service science. Nature Sustainability4(2), 161-169.

Kodaira, Seton, Sonter, Till, Williams. (2021) Reflections on solid Earth research Nature Reviews Earth & Environment 2 (1), 21-25.

Archibald, Dade, Sonter, Bell-James, Boldy, Cano, Friedman, Siqueira, Metzger, Fitzsimons, and Rhodes. (2021). Do conservation covenants consider the delivery of ecosystem services?. Environmental Science & Policy, 99-107.


Siqueira-Gay, Soares-Filho, Sanchez, Sonter. (2020). “Proposed legislation to mine Brazil’s Indigenous Lands will threaten Amazon forests and their valuable ecosystem services”, One Earth. 3(3) 356-362.

Villarreal Rosas, Sonter et al. (2020). “Advancing systematic conservation planning for ecosystem services”, Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 35(12), 1129-1139

Mandle, Shields-Estrada, Chaplin-Kramer, Mitchell, Bremer, Gourevitch, Hawthorne, Johnson, Robinson, Smith, Sonter, Verutes, Vogl, Daily, Ricketts (2020). “Links between the environment and benefits to people, and gaps in ecosystem service research”, Nature Sustainability, 4, 161–169.

Sonter, Dade, Watson, Valenta (2020). "Renewable energy production will exacerbate mining threats to biodiversity", Nature Communications, 11(1) 1-6.

Sonter et al. (2020) "Local conditions and policy design affect whether ecological compensation achieves No Net Loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services", Nature Communications. 11, 2076.

Ward et al. (2020). “Burnt biodiversity: extensive distributional overlap of the 2019-20 Australian mega-fires with fauna occurrence”, Nature Ecology and Evolution, 4(10), 1321-1326.

Negret, Marco, Possingham, Rhodes, Sonter, Maron (2020). Spatial autocorrelation and sampling design affect estimates of protected area effectiveness”, Conservation Biology, 34(6) 1452-1462

Siqueira-Gay, Sonter, Sánchez (2020), "Exploring potential impacts of mining on forest loss and fragmentation within a biodiverse region of Brazil's northeastern Amazon". Resources Policy, 67:101662.

Rehbein, Watson, Lane, Sonter, Venter, Atkinson, Allan (2020), "Renewable energy development threatens many globally important biodiversity areas". Global Change Biology, 26(5):3040-51. DOI:

Watson, Galford, Sonter, Ricketts (2020), "Conserving ecosystem services and biodiversity: Measuring the tradeoffs involved in splitting conservation budgets". Ecosystem Services42, 101063. DOI:

Sonter, Gordon, Archibald, Simmonds, Ward, Metzger, Rhodes, Maron (2020), "Offsetting impacts of development on biodiversity and ecosystem services". Ambio49(4), 892-902. DOI:

Maron, Simmonds, Watson, Sonter, Bennun, Griffiths, Quétier, von Hase, Edwards, Rainey, Bull (2020), "Global no net loss of natural ecosystems". Nature Ecology & Evolution4(1), 46-49. DOI: 


Simmonds, Sonter, Watson, Bennun, Costa, Dutson, Edwards, Grantham, Griffiths, Jones, Kiesecker (2019), "Moving from biodiversity offsets to a target‐based approach for ecological compensation". Conservation Letters, p.e12695. DOI:

Negret, Sonter, Watson, Possingham, Jones, Suarez, Ochoa-Quintero, Maron (2019), "Emerging evidence that armed conflict and coca cultivation influence deforestation patterns". Biological Conservation239, p.108176. DOI:

Jones, Bull, Roe, Baker, Griffiths, Starkey, Sonter, Milner-Gulland (2019), "Net Gain: Seeking Better Outcomes for Local People when Mitigating Biodiversity Loss from Development". One Earth1(2), 195-201. DOI:

Grima, Fisher, Ricketts, Sonter (2019), "Who benefits from ecosystem services? Analysing recreational moose hunting in Vermont, USA". Oryx53(4), 707-715. DOI:

Watson, Galford, Sonter, Koh, Ricketts (2019), “Effects of human demand on conservation planning for biodiversity and ecosystem services”, Conservation Biology, DOI:

Thom, Golivets, Edling, Meigs, Gourevitch, Sonter, Galford, Keeton (2019), "The climate sensitivity of carbon, timber, and species richness covaries with forest age in boreal–temperate North America". Global Change Biology25(7), 2446-2458. DOI:

Sonter, Barnes, Matthews, Maron (2019), “Quantifying habitat losses and gains made by US Species Conservation Banks to improve compensation policies and avoid perverse outcomes”, Conservation Letters, e12629. DOI:


Sonter, Ali, Watson (2018), “Mining and biodiversity: key issues and research needs in conservation science”, Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 285(1892), 20181926. DOI:

Sonter, Gourevitch, Koh, Nicholson, Richardson, Schwartz, Singh, Watson, Maron, Ricketts (2018), "Biodiversity offsets may miss opportunities to mitigate impacts on ecosystem services", Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 16(3):143-148. DOI: 10.1002/fee.1781

Sonter (2018), “Biodiversity Offsets: European Perspectives on No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services”, Biological Conservation 225:251-252. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2018.07.031


Sonter, Herrera, Barrett, Galford, Moran, Soares-Filho (2017), "Mining drives extensive deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon", Nature Communications 8:1013. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-00557-w

Sonter, Johnson, Nicolson, Richardson, Watson, Ricketts (2017), “Multi-site interactions: Understanding the offsite impacts of land use change on the supply and use of ecosytem services”, Ecosystem Services 23:158-164. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.12.012

Sonter, Tomsett, Wu, Maron (2017), “Biodiversity offsetting in dynamic landscapes: Influence of regulatory context and counterfactual assumptions on achievement of no net loss”, Biological Conservation. 206: 314-319. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2016.11.025


Ricketts, Watson, Koh, Ellis, Nicholson, Posner, Richardson, Sonter (2016), “Disaggregating the evidence linking biodiversity and ecosystem services”, Nature Communications 13106. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13106 

Sonter, Watson, Wood & Ricketts (2016), “Spatial and Temporal Dynamics and Value of Nature-Based Recreation, Estimated via Social Media”, PLoS ONE  11(9): e0162372. DOI: 10.1371/jounal.pone.0162372


Sonter, Barrett, Moran & Soares-Filho (2015), “Carbon emissions due to deforestation for the production of charcoal used in Brazil’s steel industry”, Nature Climate Change 5: 359–363. DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2515

Galford, Soares-Filho, Sonter, Laporte (2015), “Will passive protection save Congo forests?”, PloS ONE 10(6): e0128473. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0128473 

Sonter, Barrett, Moran & Soares-Filho (2015), “A Land System Science meta-analysis suggests we underestimate intensive land uses in land use change dynamics”, Journal of Land Use Science 10(2): 191–204. DOI: 10.1080/1747423X.2013.871356

Sonter & Galford (2015), “Africa's forests may be our last to slow climate change”, The Conversation, July 2015

Sonter (2015), “Modeling of Land-Use and Ecological Dynamics”, Journal of Regional Science 55(4): 679–681. DOI: 10.1111/jors.12210


Sonter, Barrett, Soares-Filho & Moran (2014), “Global demand for steel drives extensive land-use change in Brazil’s Iron Quadrangle”, Global Environmental Change 26: 63–72. DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2014.03.014

Sonter, Moran, Barrett & Soares-Filho (2014), “Processes of land use change in mining regions”, Journal of Cleaner Production 84: 494–501. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.03.084

Sonter, Barrett & Soares-Filho (2014), “Offsetting the impacts of mining to achieve no net loss of native vegetation”, Conservation Biology 28(4): 1068–1076. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12260


Sonter, Moran & Barrett (2013), “Modeling the impact of revegetation on regional water quality: a collective approach to manage the cumulative impacts of mining in the Bowen Basin, Australia”, Resources Policy 38(4): 670–677. DOI: 10.1016/j.resourpol.2013.02.007

Moran, Franks & Sonter (2013), “Using the multiple capitals framework to connect indicators of regional cumulative impacts of mining and pastoralism in the Murray Darling Basin, Australia”, Resources Policy 38(4): 733–744. DOI: 10.1016/j.resourpol.2013.01.002

Sonter, Barrett, Moran & Soares-Filho (2013), “Mining, deforestation and conservation opportunities: A case study of the Quadrilátero Ferrífero land use change dynamics”, XVI Brazilian Remote Sensing Symposium (SBSR). Foz do Iguaçu, Paraná, Brazil. 13-18 April. Available here.